What is happening in Libya is putting forward the real archetype of the political project carried by an Arab political faction and featuring a mixture of branches from the international Muslim Brotherhood organization, groups from the liberal bourgeoisie and some failed left wing blocs.
Reproducing the exact pattern of the 1920s, the International Conference in support of the new Libya aims to establish a parliamentary democracy façade, under the control of colonial powers, and with the approval of the UN, successor to the League of Nations (Paris, 1 September 2011).
This characterized the so-called Libyan opposition before the invasion of Tripoli and the Syrian opposition that is yearning to imitate it with a few minor differences reflecting numerous specificities and divergences that are not to be taken lightly. But what is happening in Libya is actually offering the content of the new political authority towards which the Arab societies are being led based on the idea of foreign intervention under the slogan of spreading democracy and getting rid of tyranny. In the Libyan case, there is an attempt to renew colonial hegemony over the country and its oil wealth in a new shape and based on the allocation of Western influence.
What has changed at the level of Western colonial hegemony over Libya is France’s entry as a key partner in the control over the oil resources, after the transitional council pledged to offer Paris one third of the share in exchange for the active French role in NATO’s war, both politically and militarily. In the meantime, the American, British and Italian presence will be sustained, while the marginal Russian and Chinese presence in the Libyan economic and oil relations network will be annulled as the remnant of the Cold War that should be eliminated, and not due to Beijing’s and Moscow’s positions towards NATO’s war as some are claiming.
As for the political project presented by the new ruling team under the umbrella of colonial hegemony, it is the establishment of a presidential and electoral parliamentary system under the headline of democracy, similar to the Arab parliamentary systems established in the 20s of last century under foreign tutelage. At the time, colonialism set a ceiling under which the political transition game through parliamentary elections and consecutive governments could take place.
On the political level, the new formula is not different from the latter under the banner of democracy, which will sponsor the division of power between groups that are mostly brought together by their loyalty to Western colonial hegemony, while the local governments will be subjected to the restraints and frameworks that will be set up for the reconstruction project following the destructive war that damaged the entire Libyan infrastructure.
New Orient News (Lebanon)
Editor in chief: Wassim Raad
Orient tendencies No 45, September 5, 2011.